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Android has a less-than-stellar reputation for privacy. But Google has been working to change that narrative, with each new release introducing more privacy-focused tools to help you safeguard your personal information. Some, though, aren’t enabled by default.

Those defaults are due partly to Google needing access to such data to personalize a lot of the content you see, making for a better experience overall. This data is also used to serve tailored ads you’re more likely to click. However, if you aren’t interested in any of that, here’s what you can do to reduce your exposure.

Restrict App Permissions

Passwords and fingerprint IDs are common ways of protecting your Android phone from people who come in contact with your device. But if you want to up your privacy, you might do well to start from the very apps you use daily. One way to take control is to manage your app permissions to ensure they only have access to what’s necessary.

Note: Android looks different depending on the model and brand you’re using. We’re using a Samsung Galaxy phone in the screenshots below, but the general paths to settings should be mostly the same regardless of your device.

Open your Settings app and head to the Privacy option.

Open Settings and select the Privacy option.

Here, you can access all permissions on your phone—including popular ones like the camera, microphone, or location—to see which apps are using them. You can then select an app and change how it accesses these settings.

Select a permission such as Camera, Microphone, or Location

Many permissions will be limited to Allow or Don’t allow. But for the location, camera, and microphone options, you have more control. In Android 10, you can either choose “Allow all the time,” “Allow only while using the app,” or “Deny.” Android 11 and above takes things up a notch, removing the “Allow all the time” option entirely for the camera and microphone—location services still retain the option.

Select the "Allow only while using the app" option

Such one-time permissions limit background usage and allow you to test apps without fear. Plus, you can toggle an option for location data to reduce its accuracy in later Android versions. This will enable you to get nearby results without revealing your exact location. In addition, you can set apps to lose their permissions automatically if you haven’t used them for a specified time.

Uninstall Unused Apps

Sometimes you install new apps, you use them for one-time tasks and forget about them. Other times, we just keep them around in case we need them in the future but rarely do. If you scroll through your phone’s app drawer, chances are you’ll find many installed apps that you don’t use.

If that’s the case, you should consider getting rid of them. It’ll improve your privacy, as some apps may continue running in the background, collecting and sharing your personal data. Not to mention that you’ll also recover some much-needed storage space on your device.

RELATED: How to Uninstall Multiple Apps at Once on Android

Put Chrome on a Leash

Google Chrome is the default browser on most Android phones and is a direct funnel for the company to collect your data. They use your behavior with the app to create an elaborate profile of you, then personalize ads based on that data. If you don’t like that, there are a few things you can do.

For starters, you can change your search engine. There are several private alternatives to choose from, DuckDuckGo, doesn’t log search queries and might be your best bet. Head to Chrome’s settings and click “Search engine.”

Open Chrome's settings and select the "Search engine" option

Choose an option other than Google. But it goes without saying that if you ditch the number one search engine in the world, your search results may not be as spot-on as before.

Choose a different search engine from the listed ones

Another thing you can do in Settings is opt-out of Enhanced Safe Browsing. This feature substantially improves your protection against malicious websites and dangerous downloads and is a step above Chrome’s “Standard protection.” However, it comes at the expense of collecting more data on your browsing activity. To remove it, navigate to Chrome’s settings and choose “Privacy and Security.”

From Chrome's settings, select "Privacy and security"

Tap on “Safe Browsing.”

Tap on the "Safe Browsing" option

Select “Standard Protection” or “No Protection.” If you choose No Protection, make sure you use strong cybersecurity practices.

Select "Standard protection" or "No protection" to remove "Enhance protection"

RELATED: 8 Cybersecurity Tips to Stay Protected in 2022

Stop Websites From Tracking You

While you limit how much of your data Google has access to, you might also want to ensure that third-party sites are siphoning this data for themselves. To start, go to Chrome’s Settings and tap “Privacy and Security.”

Select "Privacy and Security"

Select “Clear Browsing Data.”

Choose the "Clear browsing data" option

You’ll be allowed to erase basic things like your search history, cached images, and cookies anywhere from the last hour to all time.

Choose whether to erase your search history, cached images, cookies, or all three

But if you move to the “Advanced” tab, you get the additional option of deleting saved passwords, site settings, and auto-fill form data.

Switch to the "Advanced" tab to removed additional data like saved passwords, site settings, and auto-fill form data

Another thing you can do would be to turn off page preloading (also under “Privacy and Security”). Page preloading helps speed up your browsing experience, with Google using it on sites it predicts you’re likely to visit next (even though you might not). But this also means more access to your browsing data. To turn it off, go to “Preload Pages.”

Tap "Preload pages" under "Privacy and security"

Select “No Preloading.”

Select the "No preloading" option

You could also toggle off the “Access Payment Methods” option (also under “Privacy and Security”), which allows websites you visit to check if you have saved payment methods in Chrome, including credit cards, debit cards, or apps.

Toggle off the "Access payment methods" option under Chrome's "Privacy and security" setting

Meanwhile, you can prevent websites from generating cookies and using them to follow you around the web. However, keep in mind that some features, like saved sign-ins, on some platforms may break along the way.

Go to Settings > Site Settings.

Open Chrome's Settings and select "Site settings"

Tap “Cookies.”

Tap the "Cookies" option

Select “Block Third-Party Cookies.”

Choose the "Block third-party cookies" option

Finally, turn on “Do Not Track.” This will send a request to any website you visit, telling it not to track you with cookies.

Turn on the "Do Not Track option" under "Privacy and security"

It’s not a foolproof solution, as websites may ignore this setting and collect your browsing data anyway. Still, it’s worth a shot.

Or, Switch to an Entirely Different Browser

If changing search engines and limiting Chrome is not enough, you can ditch the browser entirely for a different option. There are many privacy-focused options to choose from if you do go down this route. Microsoft Edge, Samsung Internet, and Brave are popular options to try, with Brave putting a special emphasis on privacy. But if you want something not based on Google’s Chromium engine, Firefox and Firefox Focus are great alternatives.

After installing one, you can make any of these your default browsing option by long-pressing them on your home screen or app drawer, tapping the (i) icon, navigating to “Defaults,” and choosing “Browser app.” But if you use the Google app, it’ll still open links in a custom Chrome tab. To change this, open Google, and tap your profile picture in the top right corner.

Open the Google app, and tap your profile avatar in the top right corner

Go to “Settings.”

Select the "Settings" option

Select “General.”

Select the "General" option

Toggle off “Open Web Pages in the App.”

Tap the "Open web pages in the app" option to deselect it

Don’t Trust Incognito Mode

Regardless of the browser you settle for, don’t rely on incognito mode if you want to maintain a low profile online. That’s because your ISP and public Wi-Fi providers might be able to see the websites you visit anyway. Even some ad trackers (fingerprinting you using a combination of your software, hardware, and IP address rather than cookies) can track you in incognito mode.

If you want true anonymity, you’re better off with the Firefox-based Tor browser or, better still, settling with one of the many trustworthy VPNs available. Both options run your queries through additional servers, concealing your identity and location from your ISP.

The Best VPN Services of 2022

Best Overall VPN
ExpressVPN
Best Budget VPN
SurfShark
Best Free VPN
Windscribe
Best VPN for iPhone
ProtonVPN
Best VPN for Android
Hide.me
Best VPN for Streaming
ExpressVPN
Best VPN for Gaming
Private Internet Access
Best VPN for Torrenting
NordVPN
Best VPN for Windows
CyberGhost
Best VPN for China
VyprVPN
Best VPN for Privacy
Mullvad VPN

Limit Your Lock Screen Notifications

Viewing messages and other alerts without unlocking your phone is one of life’s conveniences. But the downside is that it can be revealing. If your device falls into the wrong hands, it could compromise sensitive information such as private messages and two-factor codes. However, if you don’t mind the slight inconvenience, you can limit notifications and sensitive content from appearing on your lock screen with a short trip to the Settings app.

Visit your phone’s lock screen notification settings within the Settings app—it could be under the lock screen, privacy, or even a standalone notification option depending on your device. From here, you can tweak the options so that only icons appear rather than full details, or turn off  “Sensitive Notifications” if your device allows it. This will ensure that your private conversations stay that way.

Opt-Out of Google’s Personalizations

Technically, it’s possible to use your Android phone without a Google account. But from lack of access to the Play Store to the inability to seamlessly sync data between your devices, this is hardly a feasible option—ask Huawei. Your Google account goes beyond just Android, though. It’s your gateway to the numerous services Google offers, including email, calendar, photos, and productivity tools like Docs and Sheets. These services are mostly ubiquitous and free—although you do pay, in a way, with your data.

It doesn’t have to be a case of data or convenience, though, as there are ways to limit how much of your data the tech giant has access to while maintaining an account. To start, head to Settings > Users and accounts/Accounts and backup.

Head to your phone's Settings app and select "Users and accounts" or "Accounts and backup."

Tap on “Manage accounts.”

Tap on the "Manage accounts" option

Choose your Google account and tap “Google Account.”

Select your Google account and tap the option that says "Google Account"

Navigate to the “Data and Privacy” tab.

Scroll sideways to the "Data and privacy" tab

Scroll down to “History settings,” and you’ll find three key options. “Web & App Activity” details all the data Google collects on how you use its apps and websites, “Location History” tracks your movements, and “YouTube History” logs every video you watch on the platform for recommendations.

Scroll down to "History settings," and you'll find three options: "Web & App Activity," "Location History," and "YouTube History"

Tap on any of them and toggle them off or refine how they use your data. Alternatively, you can use “Auto-Delete” to limit how long Google can keep your data (from three to 36 months). You can also use the “Manage activity” option to delete individual logs.

Tap on any of the options to toggle them off, refine how they use your data, or set up auto-delete rules


Once you’re done with those options, head back to the “Data and privacy” tab and scroll lower to “Ad Settings.”

Select "Ad settings" under the "Data and privacy" tab

With a single toggle, you can prevent Google from using your personal information to personalize the ads it serves you. Alternatively, you can leave it on and instead control the data points Google uses to tailor ads. These include information collected from your profile and online activity, such as age, gender, language, etc.

Toggle off ad personalization or simply manage the data points Google uses to tailor the ads you see


It’s challenging to shut off tracking altogether, but you can limit it greatly by implementing the above steps. But if you’re really paranoid (and technically savvy), you may want to consider flashing a custom ROM like GrapheneOS or getting a Linux-based phone such as the Purism Librem 5 or the Pine64 PinePhone Pro.

RELATED: What Is GrapheneOS, and How Does It Make Android More Private?

Profile Photo for Haroun Adamu Haroun Adamu
Haroun Adamu has been following the tech industry since 2014. He has written hundreds of news stories for Android Police covering Android and ChromeOS. Before his foray into tech, he wrote several sales articles for copywriting agencies. He's also written for automotive sites like HotCars and Vehicle History.
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