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If you’d like to use the same formula across multiple cells, copy the formula instead of typing it individually in each cell. You can use both dynamic cell reference and absolute cell reference while doing this, and we’ll show you how.

To copy an Excel formula, you can use either the traditional copy and paste method or drag and drop. Both work the same way and produce the same results.

RELATED: Relative and Absolute Cell Reference, and Formatting

Using Absolute Cell Reference While Copying Formulas

By default, when you copy a formula, Excel uses dynamic cell reference, meaning the cell references will change depending on where you paste the formula. If you’d like to use absolute cell reference, meaning the cell references stay the same no matter where you put the formula, then in your original formula, add the $ (dollar) sign before the column letter and the row number.

For example, if your formula looks like this:


And you don’t want Excel to dynamically change D2, then tweak the formula as follows:


You can use this cell reference in either of the following formula copy methods.

Method 1: Use Copy and Paste to Copy an Excel Formula

One way to copy an Excel formula is to use your computer’s traditional copy and paste method, which involves pressing Ctrl+C for copying and Ctrl+V for pasting. (On Mac, you’d press Command+C for copying and Command+V for pasting.)

To use this method, first, open your spreadsheet with Microsoft Excel.

In the spreadsheet, click the cell that contains the formula you want to copy. Then press Ctrl+C (Windows) or Command+C (Mac).

Copy the Excel formula.

You’ve successfully copied the selected formula.

Now, click the cell where you want to use this formula in your spreadsheet. Then press Ctrl+V (Windows) or Command+V (Mac).

Paste the Excel formula.

Excel has pasted your formula in your selected cell, and you’re all set.

Method 2: Use the Fill Handle to Copy an Excel Formula

To copy formulas in sequential order, using the Fill Handle is much more efficient than the above method.

To use it, first, open your spreadsheet with Microsoft Excel.

In your spreadsheet, click the cell that contains the formula to copy.

Select the cell containing a formula.

From the selected cell’s bottom-right corner, drag downwards. Drag it across all the cells where you want your formula copied.

Drag the formula cell downwards.

When you leave dragging, Excel fills the selected cells (hence the name—Fill Handle) with your formula.

Fill cells with the formula.

And you’re all set.

Did you know you can also copy conditional formatting in your Excel spreadsheets? Check out our guide to learn how.

RELATED: How to Copy Conditional Formatting in Microsoft Excel

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Mahesh Makvana is a freelance tech writer who specializes in writing how-to guides. He has been writing tech tutorials for over a decade now. He’s written for some of the prominent tech sites including MakeUseOf, MakeTechEasier, and Online Tech Tips.
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