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When you’re elbow-deep in drive configuration or troubleshooting, you often need to know what file system a certain drive on your Windows 10 PC uses. For example, if you’re using the new Windows File Recovery tool, it’s essential info. Here’s how to find it.

RELATED: How to Use Microsoft's "Windows File Recovery" on Windows 10

First, open “File Explorer.” Locate the drive whose file system you’d like to determine and right-click on it. In the menu that pops up, select “Properties.”

Right-click on the drive and click Properties in Windows 10

In the “Properties” window that appears, you’ll see the file system type in the “General” tab just below the drive name and type. It’s listed just after the “File system:” label.

Viewing a drive's file system in the Properties window in Windows 10

Usually, Windows 10 uses NTFS (short for “NT File System”) as its default file system, but sometimes you’ll see other file systems, such as FAT32 (a legacy Windows 9x-era file system) or exFAT, which USB removable drives often use for maximum compatibility between platforms, such as Macs and PCs.

RELATED: What's the Difference Between FAT32, exFAT, and NTFS?

Benj Edwards Benj Edwards
Benj Edwards is a Staff Writer for How-To Geek. For over 14 years, he has written about technology and tech history for sites such as The Atlantic, Fast Company, PCMag, PCWorld, Macworld, Ars Technica, and Wired. In 2005, he created Vintage Computing and Gaming, a blog devoted to tech history. He also created The Culture of Tech podcast and regularly contributes to the Retronauts retrogaming podcast.
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