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Merging cells in Google Sheets is a great way to keep your spreadsheet well-organized and easy to understand. The most common use is for headers to identify content across multiple columns, but regardless of the reason, it’s a simple process.

Fire up your browser and head to the Google Sheets home page. Once there, open up a spreadsheet that contains data that needs merging. Highlight the cells you want to merge.

Highlight the cells you want to merge.

Next, click Format > Merge cells and then choose one of the three options to merge the cells:

  • Merge All: Merges all the cells into one cell that spans the entirety of the selection, horizontally and vertically.
  • Merge Horizontally: Merges the selected cells into a row of the selected cells.
  • Merge Vertically: Merges the selected cells into a column of the selected cells.

Click Format > Merge Cells, and then click on a format for the cells.

Depending on the direction the cells are positioned, you might not be able to merge horizontally/vertically. For our example, because we want to merge four horizontal cells, we can’t merge them vertically.

A prompt will appear if you have data in all the cells you’re trying to merge, notifying you that only the content in the leftmost cell will remain after you merge the cells. The contents of all the other cells are deleted in the process. Click “OK” to proceed.

Click "OK."

After you select the type of cell merging you want, all of the cells will combine into one big cell. If you have data in the first cell, it will occupy the entirety of the merged cell.

The new cell will span the length of the selected cells.

Now you can format the text/data in the cell however you want. Because our merged cell is a title for the four columns below it, we’ll center align it overtop all of them. Click the Align icon in the toolbar and then click “Center.”

To center the text in the cell, click the Align icon in the toolbar, and then click "Center."

If you want to unmerge the cells, the process is just as simple. Select the cell, click Format > Merge Cells, and then choose “Unmerge.”

To unmerge the cell, click the merged cell, and then click Format > Merge cells > Unmerge.

If the cells you previously merged all contained information in them, none of the data that was previously there will be preserved.

The previously merged cell will return to single cells after you unmerge it.

That’s it. You’ve successfully merged the cells in your spreadsheet.

Brady Gavin Brady Gavin
Brady Gavin has been immersed in technology for 15 years and has written over 150 detailed tutorials and explainers. He's covered everything from Windows 10 registry hacks to Chrome browser tips. Brady has a diploma in Computer Science from Camosun College in Victoria, BC.  
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