How Do You Make the Bash Prompt Change Colors When Logged Into a Server?

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If you access multiple servers throughout the work day, then being able to tell which one you are working with at a glance based on a color scheme can be very useful. Today’s SuperUser Q&A post helps a reader achieve a colorful nirvana in his work environment.

Today’s Question & Answer session comes to us courtesy of SuperUser—a subdivision of Stack Exchange, a community-driven grouping of Q&A web sites.

The Question

SuperUser reader nitins wants to know how to make the Bash Prompt change colors when logged into a server:

Is there a way to make the Bash Prompt dynamic so that it changes color when I am logged into a server? I want the color to be green when using my own personal system, but change to red whenever I am connected to servers. I have a huge number of servers that I access and do not want to have to put a different .bashrc on each and every one of them.

How do you make the Bash Prompt change colors when logged into a server?

The Answer

SuperUser contributor Matei David has the answer for us:

Remote Bash Prompts are set by the remote ~/.bashrc, so you will still need to copy it to the remote servers. However, you can use a single ~/.bashrc for all hosts and set the Bash Prompt color based on the host name:

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Notes

  • Do not set PS1 if it is not already set (i.e. if the shell is not interactive). Testing to see if PS1 is “non-empty” is a very common way to find out if the shell is interactive and you do not want to confuse programs that do that (arguably, a more accurate test is checking to see if $- contains i).
  • If you want this code to run when logging into a remote server, you should have one of the profile files always source ~/.bashrc (I am assuming you know that).
  • In PS1, the escape codes must be enclosed in \[…\].
  • \[033[m resets the foreground and background to their defaults, so here :\w appears in the terminal foreground/background.
  • \[033[48;5;XXXm\033[38;5;YYYm sets the background/foreground to XXX/YYY.
  • For a script that dumps the available colors, try colortest.
  • To check and see what the Bash Prompt would look like, use: echo -e “<\033[48;5;16m\033[38;5;196mhost\033[m:dir>$ “

Have something to add to the explanation? Sound off in the comments. Want to read more answers from other tech-savvy Stack Exchange users? Check out the full discussion thread here.

Image Credit: Emx (Wikipedia)

Akemi Iwaya is a devoted Mozilla Firefox user who enjoys working with multiple browsers and occasionally dabbling with Linux. She also loves reading fantasy and sci-fi stories as well as playing "old school" role-playing games. You can visit her on Twitter and .