Google’s Chrome OS includes a shell environment known as Chrome Shell, or “crosh” for short. Crosh includes several terminal commands that you can use on all Chromebooks, even if you don’t have developer mode enabled.
Crosh includes commands for connecting to SSH servers, monitoring resource usage, debugging network problems, tweaking hidden hardware settings, performing hardware tests, and other debugging purposes.
To open the Crosh, press Ctrl+Alt+T anywhere in Chrome OS. The Crosh shell opens in a new browser tab.
From the Crosh prompt, you can run the
help command to view a list of basic commands or run the
help_advanced command for a list of “more advanced commands, mainly used for debugging.” We’ll cover some of the most interesting commands below.
Google provides an Secure Shell (SSH) client in the Chrome Web Store, but you don’t need to use it. You can use the built-in
ssh command to connect to SSH servers without installing anything else on your Chromebook.
The ssh command is more advanced than you might expect. In addition to simply connecting to an SSH server, you can also use SSH tunneling to create a local proxy that allows you to tunnel your Chrome OS network activity over your SSH connection. You can also add private keys that you might need to connect to SSH servers.
ssh_forget_host command displays a list of known hosts you’ve connected to with the
SSH command, and allows you to “forget” a host. The next time you connect to the host, you’ll be asked to verify its key fingerprint again.
Chrome includes its own task manager that shows you which Chrome tabs, extensions, and plug-ins are using resources. However, Crosh also includes the
top command from Linux, which gives you a display of all the low-level processes that might also be using resources. Most people will likely prefer using Chrome’s built-in task manager, but the
top utility does provide more information. It also displays some information you can’t find elsewhere in Chrome OS, such as your Chromebook’s uptime.
Yes, Chrome OS also has a
ping command. Ping is an important utility for network troubleshooting, allowing you to see how long packets take to travel between your system and a web server and see whether any packets are being dropped. It works just like the ping command on other operating systems. Press Ctrl+C to stop the
ping process or halt any other command in Crosh.
tracepath command functions similarly to
traceroute by allowing you to trace the path packets take to reach a remote server. It’s another useful network-troubleshooting command, as it allows you to determine exactly where network problems are occurring between you and another networked device.
network_diag command performs a short set of network diagnostic tests, saving the output as a .txt file that you can view in your Chromebook’s Files app.
Chrome includes a command that can record audio from your Chromebook’s microphone, and then play it back later.
To record 10 seconds of audio from your Chromebook’s microphone, you would run the following command:
sound record 10
The audio is saved as a file you can access from your Chromebook’s Files app. You can play the recording back by using the
sound play command.
tpcontrol command lets you fine-tune your device’s touchpad. Some of these options are available in Chrome OS’ settings window, but you can tweak many properties that aren’t available from the graphical interface.
xset m command lets you tweak your mouse acceleration rate. Chrome OS only has options for controlling the mouse’s speed in its graphical interface, so you must do any fine-tuning of the acceleration rate using Crosh. This is particularly useful if you’re using an external mouse that doesn’t work well with the default rate. The acceleration rate is configured in the same way you’d use the
xset m command to configure acceleration rates on a standard Linux system.
xset r command lets you tweak the autorepeat behavior that occurs when you hold a key down on your keyboard. You can configure the delay between when you first press the button and when autorepeat starts, and also configure how many repeats occur per second. You can also disable autorepeat completely for every key on the keyboard or just disable autorepeat for specific keys.
Developer Mode Commands
In developer mode, you also have the following commands available to you:
- shell: Opens a full bash shell where you can run other Linux commands, including ones that can launch standard Linux desktop environments after you install them.
- systrace: Start system tracing, allowing you to capture logs for debugging purposes.
- packet_capture: Start capturing and logging packets.
You’ll find other commands if you run the
help_advanced command—everything from memory tests and a Bluetooth debugging console to commands that let you control the debugging level for different background services. Many of these options are only useful for Chrome developers, though.