The Pledge of Allegiance is 37 percent longer today than it was when first created (counting the number of characters, including spaces). The current version was adopted in 1954, but the original 1892 version is shorter and simply reads: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.“
Sapphires and rubies are both forms of Corundum, a crystalline form of Aluminum Oxide. The difference in color is the result of transition metal impurities being present in the crystalline structure.
In 2010, Apple sold its 10 billionth song through the iTunes Store. The song was Guess Things Happen That Way by Johnny Cash and the purchaser received a $10,000 iTunes gift card.