Ubuntu by default uses the Gnome user interface. Fluxbox is an alternative window manager for Ubuntu that is extremely lightweight and customizable.
Ubuntu by default includes the Gnome desktop environment, but it’s easy enough to install another window manager. We’ve already covered installing KDE (Kubuntu) on Ubuntu in a prior article.
The Ubuntu default desktop uses the Gnome window manager, which can be a difficult transition for Windows users. The KDE desktop would be a lot more familiar to Windows users, as KDE has something comparable to the start menu.
Ubuntu will automatically launch a CD burning tool when you insert a blank data cd or dvd. This can sometimes interfere with something else you are doing right at that moment.
Ubuntu automatically starts playing audio or video discs when you put them into your computer. If you don’t want this behavior, you can easily turn this off.
Ubuntu has a cool feature that lets you click and drag a window by clicking anywhere in the window as long as you are holding down either the Control, Alt, or “Win” key while you are dragging.
When you logout of your computer, Ubuntu can keep track of all the windows that you have opened, and reopen them when you log back in. This is really useful when you always have the same windows open in the same desktops.
Ubuntu has a simple way to configure the default browser and mail client. Of course, Firefox is the default application for web browsing, so you shouldn’t ever need to use this screen, but if you insist, here’s how to do it.
How many times have you been right in the middle of doing a thousand things on your computer and your friend or significant other wants to use the computer to look something up? You are worried that they are going to close the entire browser session when they are done, cause they don’t know what they are doing and won’t just close the tab.
When you are using a laptop with Ubuntu, you will probably see a battery icon near the clock, or a power plug icon if you have it plugged in:
Displays that constantly turn off drive me crazy. I like to be able to walk by my computer and immediately see what is on the screen without it turning blank. Thankfully Ubuntu provides a way to easily configure this setting.
Enabling remote desktop mode is extremely easy on Ubuntu since Dapper. You can allow other users to access your desktop using the VNC Viewer utility that is bundled with Ubuntu, or offered as a free download for Windows.
If you are coming from Windows, you are probably familiar wtih adding a shortcut to the Startup folder in the Start menu so that the program will start after you log in.
Ubuntu’s software package installation uses a list of repositories that house the various updates and software that you can install. By default, the repository list doesn’t include a lot of the 3rd party tools that you might want to install.
VMware Workstation provides a great ability to create shared folders so that your virtual machine can easily access data on your host pc. This saves a lot of time, especially when you are installing software that would otherwise take a long time to download.
Box.net offers 1GB of free online storage, accessible from anywhere. I use them to back up important files like ebooks I’ve paid for and don’t want to lose. Which got me thinking… how to access my files directly from Ubuntu?
One of the nicest features of Ubuntu Linux is the automatic update feature, which helps you keep your computer updated with the latest software and security updates. There’s also a nice GUI tool that helps you configure how often updates are checked, and can even automatically download the new updates.
VMware includes the ability to copy and paste to and from your virtual machine window. To enable this, you will need to install the VMware tools inside your virtual machine.
The file browser in Ubuntu provides the ability to run scripts on a selected file. These scripts can be used to do anything from opening a file to zipping or uploading, or anything that you can do from the command line.
Telling what version of Ubuntu you are running is extremely easy. You would commonly use this command to figure out if you are running Edgy after you upgraded from Dapper.
Update: If you have VMware Workstation version 5.5.3, you will want to follow the updated guide. If you are using version 5.5.2 or below, continue on.
Ubuntu Linux, like all unix varieties, includes the du command line utility. du stands for Disk Usage, as I’m sure you assumed.
Ubuntu Linux includes a great Disk Usage Analyzer GUI tool that will let you figure out what files and folders are taking up all the space on your hard drive. This is one of those great little tools that should be bundled with every operating system.
Ubuntu Linux has an option for font smoothing that isn’t turned on by default for some strange reason. This makes fonts significantly smoother, enough to be very noticable.
Linux has a rich command line experience that can sometimes be a little daunting for people switching over from Windows. Displaying the list of recent commands is pretty simple, though: