Over at the Chromium blog, they’ve posted some details about the ongoing efforts to overhaul the graphics system to take advantage of your graphics card’s processing power—which means these features will be landing in Google Chrome soon.
For the unfamiliar, Chromium is the open source project where Google Chrome’s development actually happens. Here’s more:
…we’ve started accelerating some content in Chromium. A web page can naturally be divided into a number of more or less independent layers. Layers can contain text styled with CSS, images, videos, and WebGL or 2D canvases. Currently, most of the common layer contents, including text and images, are still rendered on the CPU and are simply handed off to the compositor for the final display. Other layers use the GPU to accelerate needed operations that touch a lot of pixels. Video layers, for example, can now do color conversion and scaling in a shader on the GPU. Finally, there are some layers that can be fully rendered on the GPU, such as those containing WebGL elements.
After these layers are rendered, there’s still a crucial last step to blend them all onto a single page as quickly as possible. Performing this last step on the CPU would have erased most of the performance gains achieved by accelerating individual layers, so Chromium now composites layers on the GPU when run with the –enable-accelerated-compositing flag.
Chromium Graphics Overhaul [Chromium Blog]