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Beginner Geek: How to Configure Your Router

wireless-router

If you have Internet access, you probably have a router — and your router has its own settings screens full of options. Everyone should know how to use their router’s web interface, if only to configure their Wi-Fi security settings.

Some of the options you may find on your router include parental controls, Internet connection time limits, and status pages that show you who’s connected to your Wi-Fi networks. These options are useful for managing your home network.

Accessing Your Router’s Web Interface

First of all, you’ll need to access your router’s settings interface through your web browser. Routers are already connected to your network, so they can make their settings available on any local networked device by providing an interface you can access via a web browser.

This is as simple as plugging your router’s IP address into your web browser’s address bar and pressing Enter. If your have your router’s manual, you’ll find your router’s default IP address in the manual.

If you don’t have your router’s manual or model number at hand, there’s still an easy way to locate your router’s web interface. In Windows, open the Control Panel and click View network status and tasks under Network and Internet. Click your network connection’s name.

view-network-connection-status-windows

Click the Details button in the Status window and look at the address to the right of “IPv4 Default Gateway.” Your router functions as your network gateway, so this should be your router’s IP address.

find-router-ip-address

Plug this IP address into your web browser’s address bar and press Enter to access the web interface.

access-router-setting-page

Signing In

You’ve now successfully accessed your router’s web interface and should see it in your web browser. Each router manufacturer creates its own interface, and they can even vary from one router model to another. Your router’s interface will look different from the one in the screenshots below, but the concepts should be the same.

Depending on your router, you may be immediately confronted with a login screen or you may be allowed to view some status information first. Either way, you’ll have to log in with the appropriate username and password before you can make any settings changes here. This prevents other people on your network from being able to change the settings without your permission. You can even set a custom password so no one but you can log in and change these settings.

You’ll need to know your router’s username and password to continue. If you don’t know them, check your router’s manual or consult a website like routerpasswords.com, which lists the default usernames and passwords for many different routers. You’ll need to know your router’s model number to find this information.

sign-into-router

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If you’ve set a custom password on the router and can’t remember it, you can reset the password and gain access. Use your router’s reset button to reset its custom password — and all other settings — to the factory default settings. You’ll need physical access to the router to do this.

Configuring Your Router

You’re now logged into the router’s web interface, so you can access and change the router’s settings. Click from page to page to change settings, but be sure to click the Apply or Save button on each page after changing any settings to apply your changes.

For example, if you want to change your Wi-Fi settings and set a custom network name, passphrase, etc., you’ll likely find these options under Wi-Fi or Wireless settings.

change-wireless-settings-on-router

To lock the router’s settings and prevent other people from changing them, look for a Password option. You may find this under Advanced > Password. Here you can set a new password to prevent other people from changing your custom settings.

change-router-password

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Feel free to click around and see the features your router offers. You could consider enabling parental controls, setting time limits to restrict Internet usage during certain hours, setting a custom DNS server, and performing a variety of other tweaks.  If you’re interested in other things you can do with your router, check out our list of useful options you may find buried in your router’s web interface.

Bear in mind that not every router will have every feature, and different routers have different layouts, so a setting may appear elsewhere in the interface. Use the Help features built into your router’s interface or consult its manual for more information on exactly what a setting does. You can generally download manuals in PDF form from a router manufacturer’s website, so you don’t actually have to dig up any old boxes or papers to get this information.

schedule-internet-access-from-router

You’ll find interesting status information on your router, too. For example, you should be able to see the list of computers and devices connected to your Wi-Fi network from here. Just looks for a Status page — this information may be on a general Status page, or a Wi-Fi Status page.

see-who's-connected-to-router


Once you’ve figured out your router’s IP address and password, you can create a bookmark and maybe even save the password in your browser. You can then quickly get to your router’s web interface in the future if you ever need to make more changes.

Image Credit: Andy Melton on Flickr

Chris Hoffman is a technology writer and all-around computer geek. He's as at home using the Linux terminal as he is digging into the Windows registry. Connect with him on Google+.

  • Published 01/13/14

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